Parish of Nono  
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PARISH OF NONO

TOWN
     
TOWN
 
Nono is an inexpensive ecologically friendly site in the Andes Mountains of Ecuador. Located near to Quito only at 45 minutes on a hillside our rural ecology valley, is a perfect place to share with the nature, discover centuries-old culture and diverse ecosystems. Nono provides a great base for day hiking, horseback riding, mountain biking, acclimating and exploring indigenous markets. Nono has a perfect location if you are a backpacker, tourist, sport’s tourist, traveller or vacationer. Nono is ideal for a family to see the real Ecuadorian Highlands.
 
TOWN
 


SLUMSES
     
 
SLUMSES
 
 
SLUMSES

The parish of Nono is conformed by some Slumses. Some has on legal function and position of agent and others are in process it:

  • Alaspungo (legal commune)
  • Alambí (legal function and position of agent)
  • La Sierra (legal function and position of agent in proceeding)
  • Yanacocha (legal function and position of agent)
  • Pucará (legal function and position of agent in proceeding
  • Nonopungo (legal function and position of agent in proceeding).


GEOGRAPHY AND UBICATION
     
GEOGRAPHY AND UBICATION
 

NORTH: Calacalí Parish
SOUTH: Lloa Parish and Mindo
EAST: Cotocollao Parish
WEST: Nanegalito Parish and Mindo
DATE OF FOUNDATION: 1.600
SURFACE: 207.6 Km2
NUMBER OF INHABITANTS (SOOR): 1.753 h
POPULATION DENSITY: 8.44 inh by km

 
GEOGRAPHY
 

DEGREE OR OFFICIAL OF LIMITS
Decree or official decree of limits by the north, from a point located in the bifurcation of the main street with the way to the district San Martin. From this point in the direction of the east, a straight line that follows the road axis of street S/N in a extension of 200m.
Follow the line in the direction of the south in a length of 20m. From this point, in the direction of the west in a extension of 180m. From this point, in the direction of the South, a parallel line to the axis of the main street until a point located to 150m of the interior. From here in the direction of the west in a extension of 25m, until tying with the axis of the main street. Soon, following the axis in the direction of the south, in a extension of 10m. Carrying on the line course to the west by the axis of the street that borders the church in a extension of 80m. From this point, in the direction of the north, a parallel line to the axis of the main street in a extension of 220m. From here, in the direction of the east, a line of 100m of extension until being with the point to begin with located in the northeast flank of the seat of the town


HISTORY
     
 
HISTORY
 
 
HISTORY

One thinks that the name of Nono was taken from a very important cacique in this region, since it is a name common in previous dialect to the one of the Incas.
It was a road center by which the old inhabitants of the zone of the northwest of the province of Pichincha journeyed necessarily; Yumbos, Nihuas and Tihuas before the invasion Inca. The Colonial and Republican time one became one of the few roads of connection with the subtropical zones like Pacto, Gualea and Nanegal.
In year 1.660 it was elevated as ecclesiastical parish pertaining to the bishopric of Quito. In that sector pertaining to the city of SAN FRANCISCO OF QUITO; the Jesus Company tape worm several bottoms dedicated to the agricultural production and the pasturing of ewes.

The counted under its protection an important human contingent that they worked in these state, to which was necessary to Christianizing and to educate: and it was essential to give ecclesiastical function and position of agent him for which the parochial church was constructed.
It is possible to write down that the Jesuit Parents describe in some, documents the serious problems, caused in the eruptions of the Guagua Pichincha, and the measures that they had to take to resist the consequences of the mud flows and ash rain that finished by far won ovine.
San Miguel de Nono was constituted like rural parish in 1.720, jointly with Mindo and Zámbiza, being these the older rural parishes of the Quito.
At first, this civil parish was satisfied to the great properties of the zone like Verde Cocha; San Luis, La Campiña , San Jose, La Escalera, San Miguel, Alambi, Chiquilpe, Alaspungo, among others.
Pedro Vicente Maldonado drew up in 1.720 the Quito-Esmeraldas road being NONO San Miguel was the initial camping for the project.
With the organisation of the territory where the Spanish conquest, Nono was delivered to a Spanish, who took indigenous from the place and near places for the work and service of his property the capitalist, development in the land of Ecuador, he announced with the abolition of the precarious work and soon, the laws of the Agrarian reform in 1.964-1.973. Its found Pichincha RICCHARIMUI, branch of the ECUARUNARI that organized to the indigenous communities and farmers of the province of Pichincha to demand the fulfilment of the agrarian reform. They managed to legalize the earth that now is NONO; by they were not able to implement the agrarian reform in all the properties, the fight was hard and the process was unfinished because the lack of organization of communities. Only some huasipungeros received small earth extension in a Alaspungo, Alambí and Catzuqui de Moncayo.
The problem of NONO is the lack of roads, because the way is in badly been and harms the commerce.


DEMOGRAPHY
     
DEMOGRAPHY
 

The population of Nono has not had a significant growth; due to the migration from the countryside to the city in search of educative and labor options. The rate of population growth was accelerated until first half of the seventy, so in 1.962 Nono had 2.123 inhabitants. For year 1.974, the population was reduced to 1.977 inhabitants, the most critical case happened in 1.982, when the population arrived at 1.238 inhabitants. In both last years censures there is a small population increase.

 
DEMOGRAPHY
 

This reduction obeys to the migration from the countryside to the city, of the last years, and to the migration to the outside. Nono counts on a 51% of men and a 49 % of women. 30% of the inhabitants have migrated, and 70% rest, 20% leaves to work to Quito during the week and returns the weekend.
According to the estimations, the population of Nono will have 2.066 habitants. In year 2.012 and for year 2.020 a 2.385 calculates population of habitants. Due to the superposition of the different population groups: childhood, adolescence, youth, and third age, it is not possible to characterize the vulnerable groups, therefore, it is difficult to identify priorities in the population to implement or to fortify the social and governmental programs.

 

TYPES OF PRODUCTION OF INCOME
     
TYPES OF PRODUCTION
 
It is a community that has problems for the commercialization of its harvests because they are exploted by intermediaries who pay laughable prices by their products, this problem appears mainly by lack of access roads. The same it happens to the commercialization of trouts of artisans deposits, that do not find marker for the production, the are several alternatives for the generation of in come, like the ecoturismo and other productive activities like the food preparation, the crafts and hostelry, this allowed an economic take off in the zone and would increase the economic resource of the settler – At the present time, the main sources of in come of the geographic parish is agriculture
 
TYPES OF PRODUCTION
 

 


ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTIC
     
ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTIC
 

OROGRAPHY
The parochial head is located in a valley of the western mountain range to 18km of the city of Quito. To a height of 2.800msnn, being the main spurs of the parish, the Ruco Pichincha, Guagua Pichincha, enchanted Father, Blue hill, Ililagua, the parish basically is conformed by slopes of annexed mountainous Pichincha volcano and its formation.
HYDROGRAPHY
The main river that irrigates this parish is the Pichán, that is born of the slopes of the Ruco Pichincha and blue Hill rand crosses all the valley of Nono. Another important river is the Alambí that it is born in the mountain range of he himself name and ends affluent of the Guallabamba
CLIMATE
The predominant climate of the region is cold and humid, because great part of the parish is located in the western slopes of the Pichincha, that are conformed by forest, very humid and mountainous, when being lowering the height it is transformed into valleys of characteristics tempered semitropical with abundant vegetation.

 
ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTIC
 

FLORA AND FAUNA
One of main the attractiveness of the parish is the vegetation diversity. Its natural wealth is appreciated, mainly in the primary forest. It has a great amount of exotic birds, like only species of hummingbird (colibríes). 
GROUND USE
The main economic activities of the population are agriculture and the cattle ranch. Formerly it was a producing zone of husk. Now, their main products are corns, beans, potatoes, peas, zapallo, zambo, vegetables and milk, it’s considered that it provides with 10.000 litters daily from milk to Quito

 
 
 
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Napo Wildlife Center

The Napo Wildlife Center

The napo wildlife center, part of the tropical nature conservation system, is a community-based ecotourism project that has turned the surrounding 82 square miles into a private reserve within Yasuní national park

 




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